What ideological framework is being decoded?
Realist- How does the film present reality? What techniques are used in the storytelling? What are the demons of the states of mind portrayed?
Formalist- Structure and form. Internal evidence. Analysis of reactions. Photographic composition of perception.
Contextualist- What is the broader picture being analyzed? Symptomatic interpretations.
Generic- Identifying motifs in comparison between genres. Intentional metaphors.
Psychological- Subliminal and subconscious. Symbological elements and signs.
Dualist- Juxtapositions. Dichotomies. Complementary opposites. Binary.
Feminist- Portrayal of women in film and photography.
Genetic- From creation to release. Postmodernity.
Culturalist- Culture, time and space.
Reception- Audiences and critics.
Marxist- Political struggle.
Jacobs, C. (n.d.) Film Theory and Approaches to Criticism, or, What did that Movie Mean? Accessible at: http://www1.und.edu/faculty/christopher-jacobs/_files/docs/theory-and-analysis.pdf